No Ovulation or Anovulation
No ovulation or an anovulatory cycle is a menstrual cycle when an egg or oocyte from the follicle is not released by the ovaries which normally occurs during the follicular phase of menstrual cycle. Ovulation is necessary for conception, as pregnancy happens when sperm meets and fertilizes an oocyte. Therefore, you can’t be pregnant when no oocyte is released. Anovulatory cycles are quite common in reproductive cycles but it can happen also when there is an imbalance of hormones which regulate the menstrual cycle.
Causes of Anovulation
Causes can be very simple and correctable. Everything in excess is not good like too much of stress or excess of exercise. It can change your normal menstrual cycle.
Others may cause anovulation due to PCOS, Thyroid dysfunction (Hypo or Hyperthyroidism) or excess level of prolactin hormones secretion, Obesity or too less body weight. Premature ovarian failure or low ovarian reserve or perimenopausal period or problems when male hormones are secreted more in females can also cause anovulation
How to find out- the cycle is anovulatory?
Usually in women menstrual cycle is of 21 to 35 days. Women with anovulation will have irregular periods. If your cycles are shorter than 21 days, or longer than 36 days, you may have anovulation.
Treatment depends upon the cause of the anovulation. Simple reasons of anovulation can be treated by lifestyle change or diet. If low body weight or extreme exercise is the cause of anovulation, gaining weight or reducing exercises may be enough to have ovulation. For the obesity or overweight, losing only 10 percent of your current weight may be enough to restart ovulation. If it is not corrected, you should visit your doctor or gynecologist. You will be advised a few necessary blood tests and some medicines may be started which corrects anovulation.